From the usually chilly Russian Arctic to the historically sweltering American South, huge swaths of the Northern Hemisphere continued to sizzle with excessive heat as the beginning of summer time extra resembled the canine days of August.

In the United States a heat dome of triple digit temperatures in lots of locations mixed with excessive humidity oscillated from west to east. On Thursday, no less than eight states hit 100 levels (37.8 levels Celsius) and no less than 9 excessive temperature marks have been set or damaged, in keeping with the National Weather Service, which held 30 million Americans underneath some sort of heat advisory.

The excessive discomfort of Thursday got here after 12 states broke the 100-degree mark on Wednesday and 21 information have been tied or damaged. Since June 15, no less than 113 automated climate stations have tied or damaged hot-temperature information. Scientists say this early baking has all of the hallmarks of climate change.

“It’s easy to look at these figures and forget the immense misery they represent. People who can’t afford air conditioning and people who work outdoors have only one option, to suffer,” mentioned Texas A&M local weather scientist Andrew Dessler, who was in College Station, the place the temperature tied a report at 102 levels (38.9 levels Celsius) Thursday. “Those of us with air conditioning may not physically suffer, but we are prisoners of the indoors.”

After three deaths, Chicago has changed its cooling rules.

Macon, Georgia, the temperature swept from 64 levels (17.8 levels Celsius) to 105 (40.6 levels Celsius) in simply 9 hours Wednesday. Then on Thursday the temperature peaked at 104 (40 levels Celsius), a report for the day. Even Minneapolis hit 100 on Monday.

Probably solely the Pacific Northwest and Northeast have been spared the heat wave, mentioned National Weather Service meteorologist Marc Chenard on the Weather Prediction Center. On Thursday, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Arizona and California all hit no less than 100. The identical states hit 100 on Wednesday, joined by North and South Carolina, Kentucky and Tennessee.

“It’s persistent,” Chenard mentioned. “It’s been over a week and it’s going to continue in some aspects.”

The Russian metropolis of Norilsk, above the Arctic circle, hit 89.6 levels (32 levels Celsius) Thursday for its hottest June day on report and tied for its hottest day in any month on report, in keeping with Maximiliano Herrera, who tracks world temperature information. Several Japanese cities hit their hottest June temperatures together with 97 (36.1 levels Celsius) in Nobeoka City, whereas Turpan, China, hit 114 levels (46.5 levels Celsius). Herrera mentioned it’s so loopy that he doesn’t have time to eat or sleep, simply observe damaged information and excessive heat.

A European heat wave has additionally induced issues with fires in Germany and Spain.

Northern Illinois University meteorology professor Victor Gensini mentioned what’s occurring with this early heat wave is “very consistent with what we’d expect in a continually warming world.”

“These temperatures are occurring with only 2 degrees Fahrenheit (1.1 degrees Celsius) of global warming and we are on track for 4 degrees Fahrenheit (2.2 degrees Celsius) more warming over this century,” Dessler mentioned. “I literally cannot imagine how bad that will be.”

In Raleigh, North Carolina, it hit 100 on Wednesday and usually the city only gets one 100-degree a day a year, but it comes much later than this, said state climatologist Kathie Dello.

“In the southeastern U.S. many lack access to sufficient or stable cooling or cannot afford to use their home cooling systems. Heat morbidity and mortality is among our greatest public health risks in a changing climate.”

There may be some cooling by the weekend or Monday in some places, including the north central part of the country, Chenard said. But above normal temperatures are forecast for “at least into the first part of July” and he added it’s likely the entire summer will be hotter than normal.

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Follow Seth Borenstein on Twitter at @borenbears

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