A Navy scientist was awarded for enhancing quantum sensor designs with a brand new system projected to influence metrology, gravimetry and topside design, Naval Surface Warfare Center Dahlgren Division (NSWCDD) introduced Dec. 7. Dr. Dan Parks acquired the 2020 NSWCDD In-house Laboratory Independent Research (ILIR) Excellence Award for his investigation into what he calls the Canonical Optical Weak Value Amplifier Device

“It is an honor to receive this award for in-house laboratory independent research in quantum physics,” stated Parks who retired previous to the announcement. “I want to express my thanks to the NSWC Dahlgren Division leadership for recognizing the importance of quantum physics to the future of the fleet and the security of our nation.” Parks led the NSWCDD Quantum Technologies Group – chartered to establish or develop militarily helpful hyper-capable gadgets – since 1996 and all through its investigation into COWVAD.

“With the exception of nuclear weapons and the global position navigation system that was made possible by Einstein’s theories of relativity as well as ultra-precise atomic clocks, lasers, and tunnel diode semiconductors – contemporary military technologies are underpinned by the classical physics discovered prior to 1900,” stated Parks. “However, these classical theories do not describe the peculiar counter-intuitive physical phenomena observed at the atomic scale.” Consequently, Parks and his colleagues researched new theories and investigated atomic scale counterintuitive bodily phenomena. They recreated a linear, laser-based weak worth amplifier that built-in up to date applied sciences, like high-definition cameras as an alternative of quadrant detectors.
“Quantum mechanics has been developed during the last hundred plus years to describe the physical phenomena of the micro-universe,” stated Parks. “As it stands today, quantum mechanics is the most successful of all physics theories.”

Over the years, Parks and his workforce labored immediately with Israeli physicist Dr. Yakir Aharonov – a frequent Nobel Prize nominee and 2010 National Medal of Science winner. Their collaborative work validated elements of Aharonov’s concept which extends normal quantum mechanics to incorporate weak measurements and weak values. “I have found that it is important in many areas in theoretical quantum physics,” stated Parks, who refers to weak vitality as “a peculiar kind of quantum mechanical energy”.

Weak measurements are additionally unobtrusive and make it doable to measure one thing, equivalent to a photon (particle of sunshine) with out affecting it. “The development of hyper-capable devices which exploit the extremely weird features of deep quantum reality is enabled by Dr. Yakir Aharonov’s theory. Such a device could directly catalyze time in order to speed-up information processing,” stated Parks, who found weak vitality throughout an optics experiment 24 years in the past. “From a Navy applications perspective, I believe that weak energy can provide enhancements to energetics, possible new energy transfer techniques, and devices that can perform more work than is possible by comparable traditional energy systems.”

The ILIR Excellence Award particularly honors Parks for analysis leading to a brand new understanding and exploitation of weak worth amplification for the aim of weak optical sign detection utilizing a quite simple weak worth amplifier – COWVAD – that he developed at NSWCDD. Weak worth amplification – a particular quantum mechanical measurement method – can render observable an in any other case unobservable sign.

What’s extra, weak worth enhancements present a quantum benefit to a variety of small mechanical sensors equivalent to gyroscopes and gravimeters. “These types of technologies span the entire landscape of military technologies and an improvement in this area would represent a quantum leap in capability,” in accordance with a COWVAD temporary offered on the 2020 End of Year ILIR digital poster session broadcast to the warfare middle’s navy personnel, authorities workers and contractors by way of Teams. Parks foresees navy purposes of COWVAD that vary from metrology and gravimetry to topside design.

Metrology is the science of measurement in assist of engineering. Gravimetry – the measurement of a gravitational discipline’s power – could also be used when the magnitude of a gravitational discipline or the properties of matter liable for its creation are of curiosity. Naval topside design for fight ships is by necessity a search to search out progressive methods to satisfy competing necessities for system performance inside restricted area, weight, and price constraints.
The topside of a Navy warship should accommodate a big selection of fight methods, command, management, communication and intelligence and hull, mechanical and electrical capabilities whereas sustaining most performance of all methods to do their particular person jobs. At the identical time, the topside should proceed serving the fundamental ship operational capabilities equivalent to underway replenishment, refueling at sea, flight operations, small boat deployment, docking and maneuvering, navigation, and personnel motion.

“A significant portion of this research was directed towards experimentally determining engineering parameters required to optimize COWVAD performance,” stated Parks. “The remaining research was theoretical in nature and focused upon alternative approaches to COWVAD detection of ultra-weak signals; signal and energy correlations in COWVAD; and unusual symmetries associated with the COWVAD measurement process.”

The ILIR program – established to advertise elementary analysis throughout areas essential to the Navy – permits the NSWCDD scientists and engineers to actively take part within the creation of future naval improvements. “NSWC Dahlgren has a strong track record of providing novel discoveries and technologies to the warfighter, and programs such as ILIR are crucial to maintaining our competitive advantage over our  Navy Scientist Retires, Receives Award for Quantum Physics Innovation to Impact Future Fleet adversaries,” stated Dr. Chris Weiland, NSWCDD performing chief scientist. ILIR tasks are funded by the Office of Naval Research to advertise scientific discovery that may have implications in future conflicts, 10 to twenty years sooner or later.

“ILIR program support and trust in me as a researcher has enabled me to increase my understanding of this peculiar form of energy,” stated Parks. “I am grateful for the basic research opportunities afforded to me by the NSWC Dahlgren Division ILIR program.” The science and expertise technique developed by ONR supplies the route for leveraging Navy advances in information and expertise.

This ONR science and expertise technique seeks to realize innovation by way of two applications of analysis. The first analysis program – Discovery and Invention (6.1 and 6.2) – contains parts of fundamental and utilized analysis. The second program – Exploitation and Deployment to satisfy Future Naval Capabilities (6.2 and 6.3) – options parts of utilized and superior improvement analysis.

The ILIR Discovery and Invention Program’s funding class (6.1 and 6.2) supplies for discretionary fundamental analysis at collaborating Navy laboratories and warfare facilities. The ILIR program supplies Navy laboratories and warfare facilities with the means to assist essential or promising fundamental analysis within the areas of their assigned missions. The funding permits a cadre of energetic analysis scientists to use their analysis outcomes to issues of naval curiosity whereas encouraging cooperation with universities, personal business, and different protection division laboratories.

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