After it advances, the invoice then strikes to the Senate, the place it is going to probably be voted on later this week, earlier than it may be signed into legislation by President Joe Biden.
On the international policy entrance, it additionally establishes a “multi-year independent Afghanistan War Commission” to study the struggle in Afghanistan after the US army withdrawal in August, masking the total 20 years of the struggle.
The invoice features a “statement of policy on Taiwan,” saying it’s US policy to keep the potential of the United States to resist a fait accompli towards Taiwan, that might “jeopardize the security” of the Taiwanese individuals, the invoice states.
While the invoice is usually seen as a bipartisan effort, with management in each events and each chambers of Congress coming to an settlement on the textual content earlier than the House vote Tuesday, not each member was happy with the remaining consequence.
Democratic Rep. Anthony Brown of Maryland outlined why he could be voting towards the laws. He mentioned he believes the invoice does not go far sufficient to deal with racial bias in the army justice system.
“At a time when Democrats control the House, the Senate, and the Executive Branch, it is an unconscionable failure to deliver a National Defense Authorization Act that does not meet the values of equity and justice for which we have long strived or a bill that does not meaningfully protect the foundations of our democracy,” Brown mentioned in an announcement.
The invoice makes sexual harassment against the law in the Uniform Code of Military Justice for the first time. “All claims of sexual harassment will be required to be investigated by an independent investigator outside of the chain of command,” the invoice abstract states.
It additionally directs the division to “track allegations of retaliation by victims” of sexual assault and harassment. Each service will probably be required to observe the demographic info of each the particular person accused of committing sexual assault and harassment crimes and the sufferer of these crimes.
The invoice authorizes a 2.7% pay improve for army service members and DoD civilian staff, and it authorizes the secretary of protection to pay a “basic needs allowance” to certified low-income service members who want further help. Many army service members and their households have suffered the identical setbacks different Americans have skilled throughout the pandemic, with army spouses shedding jobs and households struggling to make ends meet amidst rising inflation on the value of fundamentals like meals, gasoline and housing.
Havana Syndrome, China and Afghanistan
The invoice directs the President to develop a categorized “Grand Strategy with Respect to China,” with an unclassified abstract, the invoice textual content states. It additionally directs DoD put collectively a number of experiences on China’s actions, from their army and safety developments, modernization applied sciences for his or her army functions, to their technique in Latin American and the Caribbean, the invoice states.
On Afghanistan, the invoice establishes the unbiased Afghanistan War Commission to “examine” the 20-year battle, and it requires the secretary to present “in-depth” experiences to Congress about the US’ potential to counter terrorism in the area, “accountability” of army gear left in the nation and “any plans” to evacuate American residents and “Afghan allies” who’re nonetheless there, the abstract states.