Chauvin informed the choose — earlier than the jury returned to the courtroom — that it was his determination and his determination alone. It was one of the uncommon instances the public heard from the ex-cop, who did not show any emotion as he scribbled on a notepad throughout practically three weeks of testimony.

“If you were to try to think about all the different ways in which he could answer the question that’s burning on the jury’s mind … Why didn’t you just get off of George Floyd’s neck? Why didn’t you render aid?” NCS senior authorized analyst Laura Coates mentioned of the defendant.

“Remember, all of his potential responses will actually be the opposite of the testimony they’ve already seen — from law enforcement experts, from his own police chief, from experts who talk about the notion to have to render aid even if somebody is in your custody.”

Still, Coates added, that Chauvin “essentially was his last and best and perhaps only hope” to confront the “mountain of evidence” towards him.

“Of offering an explanation, if not, a justification for what he did, which could be enough to plant some — not only seed of reasonable doubt in a juror’s mind — but some seed of empathy,” she mentioned.

After Chauvin invoked the Fifth, the protection rested its case in the carefully watched trial. The jury might be sequestered throughout deliberations next week.

Judge Peter Cahill told the jury it's up to them "how long you deliberate."Judge Peter Cahill told the jury it's up to them "how long you deliberate."

“If I were you, I would plan for long and hope for short,” Judge Peter Cahill informed jurors. “Basically, it’s up to the jury how long you deliberate, how long you need to come to a unanimous decision on any count.”

Chauvin, 45, has pleaded not responsible to second-degree unintentional homicide, third-degree homicide and second-degree manslaughter costs.

Talks over bill to overhaul policing intensify amid new urgency after Daunte Wright shootingTalks over bill to overhaul policing intensify amid new urgency after Daunte Wright shooting

During closing arguments, Coates mentioned, the prosecution should join the proof with the particular felony costs the jury will contemplate.

“They’re going to get three charges — the elements are going to be written out for the jurors,” she mentioned Friday. “They’re going to have to figure out what part and what aspects of the prosecution’s case lines up with particular elements.

“That’s going to be the onus persevering with on the prosecution in this case — to verify they’re clear the jurors aren’t left to scratch their heads or marvel, ‘Did this truth go to this? Did this witness convey this level up? Which proves this?’ That might be half of what the closing argument have to be about.”

If convicted, Chauvin could face up to 40 years in prison for second-degree murder, up to 25 years for third-degree murder, and up to 10 years for second-degree manslaughter. The charges are to be considered separate, so Chauvin could be convicted of all, some or none of them.

Here are highlights from the final week of testimony:

Pulmonologist takes the stand a second time

Dr. Martin Tobin, a pulmonologist who testified last week, returned to the stand Thursday for the prosecution in a short rebuttal against a defense medical expert.
The state sought to counter the testimony of a forensic pathologist who informed the jury Wednesday that Floyd’s trigger of death was “undetermined.” Floyd’s underlying heart issues were the main causes, the pathologist said.

Dr. David Fowler, who retired as Maryland’s chief medical examiner at the end of 2019, introduced a novel defense argument: Carbon monoxide from the squad car’s exhaust may have contributed to Floyd’s death. Fowler admitted no data or test results could back up his claim.

Tobin, in a short rebuttal, told the jury the carbon monoxide theory is proven wrong by a different blood test that showed Floyd’s blood oxygen saturation was 98%. That meant his carbon monoxide level could at most be 2% — within the normal range.

Defense puts forth three-prong legal strategy

The protection’s flip earlier than the jury got here Tuesday when the prosecution rested after calling 38 witnesses over 11 days.
The state has maintained that Chauvin used excessive and unreasonable force when he kneeled on Floyd’s neck and back for nine minutes and 29 seconds last May. The prosecution relied heavily on multiple videos of Chauvin’s actions, analysis by policing experts, and medical testimony determining Floyd died due to the restraint.
Derek Chauvin's defense is using these 3 arguments to try to get an acquittal in George Floyd's deathDerek Chauvin's defense is using these 3 arguments to try to get an acquittal in George Floyd's death
The protection offered seven witnesses to bolster its three-prong strategy for clearing the officer of culpability: Floyd died from drug and health problems; Chauvin’s use of force was ugly but appropriate; and a hostile crowd of bystanders distracted the former officer.

At the heart of defense attorney Eric Nelson’s case is the argument that medical reasons, not Chauvin’s actions, caused Floyd’s death that evening. In other words, Floyd’s use of methamphetamine and fentanyl, his initial resistance to officers and preexisting heart problems all conspired to kill him.

“Their objective was to throw a bunch of arguments on the market and hope that one thing resonated with the jurors, however I simply suppose it is an excessive amount of to beat with that video,” NCS legal analyst Jennifer Rodgers said. “Their witnesses I feel weren’t as sturdy as the prosecution. The cross examination was very efficient.”

Fowler testified that a sudden heart issue — not the police restraint — killed Floyd.

Dr. David Fowler testified that it was not the police restraint that killed George Floyd.Dr. David Fowler testified that it was not the police restraint that killed George Floyd.

“In my opinion, Mr. Floyd had a sudden cardiac arrhythmia, or cardiac arrhythmia, because of his atherosclerosis and hypertensive coronary heart illness … throughout his restraint and subdual by the police,” the forensic pathologist told the jury.

Floyd had narrowed coronary arteries, known as atherosclerosis, according to Fowler. His heart was enlarged due to his high blood pressure, or hypertension.

Fowler also testified that Floyd’s fentanyl and methamphetamine use, exposure to the squad car’s exhaust, and a tumor known as a paraganglioma also contributed.

Hennepin County Medical Examiner Dr. Andrew Baker, who performed Floyd’s autopsy last May, had previously testified for the prosecution that Floyd’s death was a “murder.” The trigger of death was cardiopulmonary arrest — Floyd’s coronary heart and lungs stopped. That occurred throughout “law enforcement subdual, restraint, and neck compression,” the doctor testified.

Baker mentioned the paraganglioma was an “incidental” tumor that did not issue in his death.

Four other medical experts offered similar testimony for the state: Floyd died from cardiopulmonary arrest caused by low oxygen levels from prone restraint and positional asphyxia. A cardiologist testified that Floyd’s heart showed no evidence of injury.

But Baker told the jury that other “important situations” contributed to Floyd’s death, including hypertensive heart disease and his drug use. Some of Floyd’s blood vessels were severely narrowed, and Baker testified that he did not find evidence at autopsy to support a finding of asphyxia.

The Hennepin County medical examiner said Floyd’s blood had about 11 nanograms of fentanyl per milliliter — more than in some overdose cases Baker has seen.

Expert: Chauvin justified in kneeling on Floyd

Barry Brodd, a former police officer and use-of-force expert called by the defense on Tuesday, testified that Chauvin was justified in kneeling on Floyd for more than nine minutes and did not use deadly force.

“I felt that Derek Chauvin was justified and was appearing with goal reasonableness, following Minneapolis Police Department coverage and present requirements of legislation enforcement in his interactions with Mr. Floyd,” Brodd informed the jury.

'The lessons of this moment.' The testimony by police brass at Derek Chauvin's trial is unprecedented'The lessons of this moment.' The testimony by police brass at Derek Chauvin's trial is unprecedented

Brodd mentioned he didn’t contemplate placing a handcuffed Floyd in the “inclined management” position on the street to be a use of force. In fact, he suggested, it was safer for the person because if they get up and fall they might hurt their face.

“It would not harm,” Brodd said. “You’ve put the suspect in a place the place it is protected for you, the officer, protected for them, the suspect, and also you’re utilizing minimal effort to maintain them on the floor.”

Brodd’s testimony was at odds with the prosecution’s policing consultants and Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo, who mentioned Chauvin’s actions had been “in no manner, form or kind” within department policy, training, ethics or values.

On cross, Brodd said that he doesn’t consider the prone control position to be a use of force because it does not cause pain.

Prosecutor Steve Schleicher showed Brodd a still image of Chauvin’s knee digging into Floyd’s neck. He asked whether that position might cause pain. Brodd said it “might,” so Schleicher asked him if that means Chauvin’s action was a use of force.

“Shown in this image, that could possibly be a use of power,” Brodd mentioned.

Daunte Wright called his mother right before he was shot. This is what he saidDaunte Wright called his mother right before he was shot. This is what he said

Brodd admitted he was not particularly conscious of Minneapolis Police Department’s definition of power, which defines it as a restraint that causes harm or ache. He additionally acknowledged that placing somebody in the aspect restoration place is easy and fast.

At one level, Brodd mentioned Floyd was resisting officers for a “couple minutes” after being taken to the ground. Prosecutors played several video clips of Chauvin kneeling on Floyd. Brodd then admitted he wasn’t sure if Floyd was struggling with police or writhing on the ground.

“I do not know the distinction,” he mentioned.

Other protection witnesses testified about Floyd’s drug use, significantly throughout a prior arrest in May 2019 in which he ingested opioids as police approached him in a automobile.
Juror deliberations begin next week in a Minneapolis metropolitan area reeling from other police-involved deaths, including the police shooting of Daunte Wright final weekend. Brooklyn Center police Officer Kim Potter has been charged with second-degree manslaughter in the taking pictures of the Black motorist following nights of protests.


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