1 INTRODUCTION

Across the globe, the COVID-19 pandemic has been a critical risk to the well being of all individuals from December 2019 when the primary case was reported (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2020). Many organizations, together with the World Health Organization (WHO), the CDC, and nonprofit and for-revenue entities, have collaborated to help all of the nations and areas across the globe to adequately and promptly put together for and reply to COVID-19 (CDC, 2020). Despite these efforts, the management of COVID-19 has been an incredible problem to everybody all through nations and areas with distinct cultures. Nurses, in explicit, have been on the entrance line of this battle with the pandemic constantly and labored carefully in numerous settings to take care of the growing variety of COVID-19 constructive sufferers (Lake, 2020).

Nursing research has been a serious a part of the nursing self-discipline to generate and advance nursing information across the globe (Meleis, 2011). After the primary nursing research examine by Nightingale was carried out on the battlefield of the Crimean War in 1859 (Moody, 1990), nursing research has gone via quite a few evolutionary and revolutionary adjustments all through nursing historical past (Stolley et al., 2000). Until the Fifties, nursing research was primarily carried out solely in the areas of nursing training and administration. Yet, the scope of nursing research has expanded to collaboration with interdisciplinary researchers across numerous settings, and many new areas, akin to nursing informatics, knowledge science, and precision well being have emerged (Stolley et al., 2000). Nurses globally have witnessed these evolutionary and revolutionary adjustments all through nursing communities with completely different cultures.

With the latest impression by the COVID-19 pandemic, nursing research has gone via sudden super adjustments across nations and areas (Chen et al., 2020). The COVID-19 conditions in particular person nations and areas, nonetheless, diverse relying on their distinctive contexts. For occasion, Taiwan has successfully managed the pandemic, and had solely few home circumstances identified with COVID-19 and a decrease mortality price in contrast with different nations/areas. Subsequently, most Taiwanese individuals have been sustaining their regular each day life and actions, and there have been no drastic adjustments in nursing research. On the opposite, in Japan, about 81.9% of nurse researchers reported that their research actions had been hampered by the COVID-19 pandemic (Japan Academy of Nursing Science, 2021).

The goal of this particular report is to current the commonalities in the impression of the COVID-19 pandemic on nursing research across five nations/areas, together with the United States, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Hong Kong, and to make recommendations for future nursing research in the course of the speedy postpandemic interval and future pandemic conditions. First, the premise for this dialogue paper is supplied with particulars on the strategy that was used to offer the proof to assist our dialogue factors. Second, the commonalities in the impression of the COVID-19 pandemic on nursing research across five nations/areas are mentioned with supporting proof. Finally, recommendations for future nursing research are made.

2 THE PROCESS FOR DEVELOPING THE CONTENT

To establish the commonalities in the impression of the COVID-19 pandemic on nursing research across the nations/areas, seven researchers/leaders from the five completely different nations/areas had discussions via 3 days of a global workshop in November 2020 that was hosted by a US college in a Southern area. The researchers/leaders have been invited primarily based on their management positions (deans, nursing administrators, and presidents). A complete of 10 researchers/leaders in academia, hospitals, organizations, and governmental businesses have been invited primarily based on the recommendations by five deans/former deans at faculties of nursing across the nations. Among them, seven researchers/leaders agreed to take part in the workshop. Before the workshop, the researchers/leaders compiled/offered the cultural exemplars/circumstances of the COVID-19 impression on nursing research in their very own nations/areas in tables. The tables have been structured by research methodology element, together with examine design, settings and samples, devices/measurements, interventions, knowledge assortment strategies, and knowledge evaluation course of. The researchers/leaders collected the knowledge on the impression of COVID-19 in these parts of research methodology and summarized the knowledge in the tables. The researchers/leaders additionally carried out literature opinions in their very own nations/areas and offered the references supporting the COVID-19 impression that they included in the tables (together with each common and tradition-particular). Each researcher/chief offered about 10–15 pages of tables with the knowledge and references. At the workshop, the researchers/leaders made shows concerning the COVID-19 impression on nursing research in their very own nations/areas and had group discussions via 4 closed periods. To establish the proof to assist our dialogue factors, all of the presentation recordsdata, dialogue memos from the workshop, and the tables with supporting references have been analyzed utilizing a easy content material evaluation. The unit of research was particular person phrases. First, line-by-line coding was completed on all of the supplies. Then, categorization was completed by grouping the codes in a number of classes to mirror related points. Finally, the classes have been in contrast and grouped to extract the themes reflecting commonalities in the impression of the COVID-19 on nursing research. The themes have been mentioned via a collection of discussions in the closed periods and finalized upon unanimous settlement by all of the researchers/leaders. Then, all of the reviewers/leaders reviewed the themes one after the other to make recommendations for future nursing research in the course of the speedy postpandemic intervals and future pandemic conditions. The recommendations have been summarized and finalized upon the unanimous settlement by all of the researchers/leaders. Then, after the workshop, all of the researchers/leaders mirrored on the impression that they offered and mentioned, and offered their updates on the impression. Also, a collection of e mail discussions have been carried out among the many researchers/leaders to refine the themes and recommendations. Then, the themes and recommendations have been reviewed and authorised by all of the researchers/leaders. The proof from this content material evaluation and the literature opinions have been used to assist the dialogue factors that have been made beneath.

3 COMMONALITIES ACROSS THE COUNTRIES/REGIONS

3.1 “A heavy emphasis on teaching and fluctuating productivity”

Across nations/areas, a heavy emphasis was given to educating efforts in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. For occasion, in Japan, most nurse researchers have been college members in college settings whose first precedence was training. Thus, in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, college members spent a disproportionate period of time on training, akin to video-lecturing utilizing Zoom and checking on the security of scholars. In a latest survey by the Japan Academy of Nursing (Japan Academy of Nursing Science, 2021), 65.2% of the individuals stated that their research time was considerably lowered and 88.9% of nursing researchers have been uncertain about their very own research actions as a consequence of uncertainty concerning the future. Also, in the United States, most nurse researchers have been college members in college settings, and their educating efforts had dramatically elevated in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic as a result of adjustment of educating strategies and re-assignments of medical rotations. Yet, in Hong Kong, about 30% of school members in nursing have been on the research monitor, and about 70% of them have been on the educating monitor. Those on the research monitor didn’t have heavy educating hundreds in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic.

With the heavy educating burden amongst nurse researchers, vital fluctuations in productiveness have been famous in many nations. Although there have been an growing variety of manuscript submissions in the United States, Hong Kong, and Taiwan, the researchers/leaders from South Korea, and Japan reported a big lower in the variety of manuscript submissions in their main journals. For instance, in the Korean Journal of Adult Nursing, one of many high nursing journals in South Korea, the variety of manuscript submissions had halved from the February–March 2020 interval to the April–May 2020 interval (from 30 to 14). The lower between the identical intervals of 2019 was from 31 to 21.

3.2 “Increased funding opportunities and governmental support”

Across the nations/areas, researchers/leaders seen elevated funding alternatives for COVID-19 associated research. For occasion, in the United States, the National Institutes of Health had revealed an growing variety of funding alternatives in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic interval; by December 2020, about 100 funding alternatives have been introduced via the notices of particular curiosity, requests for functions, program bulletins, and program bulletins with particular receipt, referral, and/or assessment. Also, in South Korea, the federal government offered elevated grant alternatives particular for the prognosis, therapy, epidemiology, and care associated to COVID-19. A complete of 60 grants with $20 million {dollars} had been introduced. In Japan, the federal government invested 1.5 billion {dollars} on COVID-19-associated research via numerous businesses, together with the Japanese National Institute of Infectious Diseases, the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development, and the Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet, 2020).

In the United States and Taiwan, junior college members not often benefited from the growing funding alternatives in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. For occasion, in the United States, regardless of the growing funding alternatives in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, only a few nurse researchers, particularly junior researchers, utilized for the funding alternatives as a consequence of their lack of competence in shifting their focus to any subjects and populations associated to the COVID-19. The research mentoring tended to deal with growth of coherent research packages in phrases of subjects, populations, and research strategies, which could prohibit junior college members from shifting their focus in their subjects, populations, or research strategies to suit with COVID-19. However, in Hong Kong, Japan, and South Korea, nursing college members together with junior college members didn’t report any difficulties in shifting their focus of research to COVID-19-associated subjects, which was a distinction to these in the United States and Taiwan.

The funding scenario, moreover, differed relying on the nations/areas as a consequence of their completely different cultural and educational contexts. For instance, as a result of the research research that have been funded by the Japanese authorities tended to be medical research with a deal with growth of diagnostic strategies, therapeutic strategies, and vaccines (Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet, 2020), nurse researchers in Japan not often obtained massive finances grants as principal investigators. Yet, there have been extra alternatives for nurse researchers in Japan to obtain funding from native governments, universities, and the personal sector in the course of the pandemic if the subjects have been associated to individuals’s well being and lives (though the quantity of funding was typically <1 million yen). Indeed, some college members together with adjunct college members in Japan obtained this sort of small research grant in the course of the pandemic.

3.3 “Gendered experience complicated by professional differences”

All the researchers/leaders across the nations/areas remarked concerning the gendered expertise of nurse researchers in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. Across the nations/areas, nurse researchers tended to be girls, which mirrored the present gender composition of nurses in common across the nations/areas. For occasion, 82% of registered nurses have been feminine in the United States (Equitable Growth, 2017); about 85% have been feminine in Hong Kong (Department of Health the Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, 2021); and over 90% have been feminine in Japan (Japan Ministry of Health Labour and Welfare, 2018) and in Taiwan (Taiwan Department of Gender Equality, 2021). With a excessive share of ladies amongst nurse researchers, the pandemic harshly affected nurse researchers as a result of girls have been normally those who took care of their family duties, youngsters, and aged as a consequence of gender stereotypes and roles across the nations/areas.

In Asian nations/areas (together with South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, and Hong Kong) particularly, their gender stereotypes and roles primarily based on robust lengthy-time patriarchal cultures made girls researchers undergo extra from a number of roles whereas working at residence. For occasion, in Japan, even in twin-earner households, 80% of males didn’t do house responsibilities and 70% didn’t handle youngsters (Japan Gender Equality Bureau Cabinet Office, 2020). Women’s burden of house responsibilities and childcare had elevated below the COVID-19 pandemic (The Shizuoka Shimbun, 2020). In their conventional cultures across Asian nations/areas, girls have been primarily in cost of family duties and their actions have been restricted in their houses (Dibble et al., 2019; Spector, 2012). Although a number of religions are at present practiced in all nations/areas, particular person nations had their distinctive histories of nationwide religions in the previous (e.g., Confucianism in Taiwan and Korea, and  Shintoism in Japan), which had nice influences on conventional gender roles in their patriarchal cultures. For instance, in Korean conventional tradition, girls have been referred to as Ansaram (inside particular person), and males have been referred to as Bakatsaram (outdoors particular person). In different phrases, girls have been in cost of all of the family issues (e.g., cooking, making ready garments, cleansing, and many others.), youngster-care, and elder-care that occurred inside their homes. Men have been in cost of all of the issues that occurred outdoors their homes (e.g., breadwinning). Even in these fashionable days, girls are nonetheless primarily in cost of family duties, youngster-care, and elder-care even when they’re employed (working outdoors their houses). Thus, these conventional gender roles made girls researchers in cost of all of the family duties, youngster-care, and elder-care whereas working at residence, which had detrimentally affected nurse researchers in their research productiveness in common.

With the attention of the difficulties dealing with girls researchers, governmental and institutional helps had usually been offered to them across the nations/areas. For occasion, in Taiwan, to encourage and assist girls to commit themselves to scientific and technological research careers, the Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology particularly offered research funding to “encourage women to engage in scientific and technological research projects” in 2020 (Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology, 2020). In the United States, some universities offered youngster-care providers for his or her college members in the course of the pandemic. Yet, it was reported that not many college members used the kid-care providers. The scenario was worse for nurse researchers working with COVID-19 sufferers in medical settings. Across the nations/areas, stigmatization of nurses working with COVID-19 sufferers was usually reported, subsequently complicating their research expertise in the course of the pandemic.

In addition to the gender variations, skilled variations in the impression of the pandemic have been seen across the nations/areas. In Taiwan tradition, in contrast with different well being professions together with medication, nurses have been extra concerned in direct communication and care of COVID-19 sufferers; nurses in hospitals wanted to plan instructional coaching packages, create well being training movies for the readiness of epidemic prevention supplies, make administrative protocols to guard the security of personnel, and accomplish interdisciplinary apply (Hu et al., 2020). Similar variations have been famous in South Korea, Japan, and Hong Kong. These elevated roles of nurses in the course of the pandemic difficult the gendered expertise of nurse researchers that was described above. However, few research on nurses have been carried out by nurse researchers in the course of the pandemic. The researchers/leaders from the United States identified that the funding priorities of nursing research funded by governmental businesses not often included research on nurses themselves. For instance, the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) not often funded research about nurses themselves; moderately, the priorities had been given to nursing purchasers.

3.4 “Delays and modifications in research process”

Across the nations/areas besides Taiwan, the researchers/leaders witnessed drastic delays in the general research course of and modifications in examine designs, knowledge assortment strategies, interventions, and knowledge evaluation course of in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. Table 1 summarizes the present standing of ongoing funded nursing research in particular person universities or institutes of the researchers/leaders who participated in this paper. First of all, across all of the nations/areas besides Taiwan, the researchers/leaders witnessed delays in general administrative processes associated to research tasks (e.g., funding administration and institutional assessment board [IRB] approval) in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic. For occasion, in the United States, particular person universities wanted to make insurance policies associated to campus closures and subsequent security measures on the campus. Then, they wanted to make different vital adjustments in research administrative processes required for the campus closures (e.g., insurance policies associated to biomarker labs, insurance policies associated to research employees members on the campus, insurance policies associated to human topic safety in research, insurance policies associated to communication in the course of the pandemic, and many others.). With these adjustments, the researchers/leaders in the United States wanted to make modifications in their research protocols, which consequently delayed the general research course of.

Table 1.
Delays in nursing research across the areas

A University in the United States

N (%)

B University in Taiwana

 N (%)

C University in South Korea

N (%)

D University in Japan 

N (%)

E University in Hong Kong

N (%)

# Of ongoing funded nursing research 23 (100) 32 (100) 37 (100) 28 (100) 69 (100)
# Of nursing research stalled/stopped 16 (60.6) 0 (0) 3 (8.1) 25(89.3) 28 (41)
# Of nursing research with protocol adjustments 13 (56.5) 13 (40.01) 10 (27.0) 17(60.7) 13 (19)
# Of nursing research with delays in recruitment 16 (60.6) 10 (31.2) 24 (64.9) 21(75.0) 44 (64)
# Of nursing research with difficulties in progress 17 (73.9) 0 (0) 2 (5.4) 25(89.3) 42 (61)
  • a The variety of funded research in B University in Taiwan is the variety of the funded nursing research by Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST).

During the pandemic, nurse researchers across all of the nations/areas wanted to make modifications in examine designs, knowledge assortment strategies, interventions, and knowledge evaluation course of. The researchers/leaders from the United States talked about limitations in designing new research below the pandemic (e.g., no in-particular person medical trials; Cole et al., 2018; Ueda et al., 2020). Also, ongoing research wanted to be redesigned whereas adjusting to the brand new research environments below the pandemic (e.g., from in-particular person medical trials to on-line residence trials; Cole et al., 2018; Ueda et al., 2020). They skilled inconsistent insurance policies associated to research across completely different faculties inside the similar college and across completely different universities. There have been growing usages of on-line platforms. Under the pandemic, it grew to become unattainable to carry out some measurements (e.g., in-particular person measurements of weight and peak) and in-particular person interventions. The usages of mails and telephone calls in knowledge assortment and interventions had additionally elevated drastically.

The circumstances have been related in different nations/areas. In Japan, researchers skilled limitations in designing new research below the COVID-19 pandemic (e.g., no in-particular person medical trials or no in-particular person fieldwork with communities; Japan Academy of Nursing Science, 2021). All the continued research wanted to be redesigned to suit with the altering research environments (e.g., from in-particular person interviews to distant interviews by telephone, knowledge assortment whereas maintaining social distance, knowledge collections via on-line; Enago Academy, 2021). About 72.4% of nurse researchers reported that their research was completely stopped or delayed by the issue in assembly and recruiting research topics (Japan Academy of Nursing Science, 2021). They had additionally seen an growing variety of research utilizing on-line platforms (Japan Academy of Nursing Science, 2021). Longitudinal research was not doable as a result of reorganization of hospital wards in response to the pandemic disaster (Japan Academy of Nursing Science, 2021). In South Korea, nurse researchers confronted sudden difficulties in conducting research that instantly concerned human topics. Especially in qualitative research, research individuals weren’t prepared to point out their faces on Zoom conferences as a consequence of the potential of disclosing their identities to unknown individuals. Thus, they have been requested to put on masks or sun shades to cowl their faces in the course of the Zoom conferences. Or interviews have been carried out via telephone calls.

Frequent delays in knowledge evaluation course of have been additionally famous in some nations/areas. For occasion, in the United States, Hong Kong, and Japan, apparent delays in knowledge evaluation course of have been famous by the researchers/leaders from the nations. The researchers/leaders from the United States talked about that almost all delays in knowledge evaluation have been in the info analyses of biomarkers that have been significantly influenced by the entry to the biomarker labs. The chief/researcher from Hong Kong talked about concerning the difficulties in distant usages of information evaluation software program as a consequence of software program license points in their nations. In Japan, knowledge evaluation was delayed as a result of some universities have been locked down and college members subsequently couldn’t use the evaluation software program. However, in Taiwan and South Korea, the researchers/leaders didn’t discover apparent delays in knowledge evaluation course of as a result of most nursing research tended to not contain biomarkers and as a result of their knowledge evaluation software program licenses allowed the distant usages of the software program.

3.5 “Limited research settings and difficulties in getting access”

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, limitations in entry to all research settings have been famous across the nations/areas. In the United States, the researchers’ entry to clinics and hospitals was strictly restricted as a result of security and quarantine measures with social distancing and the necessities of non-public protecting gear. In Hong Kong, the order of “work from home” was made by all the colleges, whereas public hospitals and lengthy-time period care amenities restricted guests. All the guests to hospital authority hospitals had been banned for the reason that finish of January 3, 2020. Research amenities, akin to clinics and sports activities facilities at Hong Kong University, have been closed briefly in the course of the pandemic. In South Korea, knowledge assortment was principally prohibited from clinics, hospitals, and neighborhood facilities. Even when knowledge assortment was permitted, there have been difficulties in getting the establishments’ or amenities’ cooperation. Due to the pandemic scenario, some ongoing neighborhood well being packages have been discontinued, which subsequently restricted the info assortment amongst neighborhood individuals.

Nurse researchers in Japan had extra restricted entry to clinics, institutes, communities, and residence settings in contrast with these in different nations/areas (Japan Academy of Nursing Science, 2021). Data assortment was not allowed in most hospitals, clinics, and residence settings. Subsequently, the variety of potential individuals in all settings decreased drastically with a reducing variety of newly identified circumstances of illnesses/circumstances. Because of the pandemic, individuals have been hesitant to hunt medical care, which subsequently delayed the prognosis of illnesses/circumstances. In addition, a heavy burden on hospital employees nurses was ceaselessly reported as a result of research research in the course of the pandemic intensely concerned hospital nurses and many research with related goals and content material have been duplicated amongst hospital nurses. Due to this heavy burden, it grew to become tough to get cooperation in nursing research from these concerned in affected person care. Furthermore, many research settings, akin to medical establishments or amenities, have been closed as a consequence of lowered enterprise operations. Also, there have been adjustments in hospital ward programs to deal with the pandemic, which made some research be discontinued.

In Taiwan, there have been fewer limitations in research settings and difficulties having access to research settings in contrast with the opposite nations/areas. The researchers/leaders from Taiwan described their latest nationwide examine supported by their authorities, which efficiently solicited the participation of a big inhabitants regardless of the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet, following the Taiwan authorities rules, hospitals and lengthy-time period settings needed to management guests’ entry and exit (e.g., visits allowed solely at a set time on daily basis with a restrict of two individuals per affected person). Those who wanted accompanying relations or guests wanted to fill out particular registration types and get an approval to permit their relations or guests to have entry to hospitals and lengthy-time period amenities. Subsequently, knowledge assortment in hospitals and lengthy-time period care amenities was considerably restricted.

4 INCREASED ONLINE DISSEMINATION ACTIVITIES WITH POSITIVE CHANGES IN THE IMAGE OF NURSING

Across all of the nations/areas, there had been an growing variety of on-line workshops, seminars, and conferences to disseminate research findings. For occasion, in the United States, all nursing conferences had been transformed from an in-particular person format to an internet format. In fall, 2020, the Council for the Advancement of Nursing Science State of the Science Congress on Nursing Research was held nearly. The American Academy of Nursing 2020 Policy Conference was additionally held nearly. In Japan, most nursing conferences had been transformed from an in-particular person format to an internet format. Among 46 nursing educational societies, 41 annual conferences have been transformed from an in-particular person format to an internet format, 4 have been canceled, and one was transformed to a journal format. In South Korea, the Korean Academy of Nursing celebrated its fiftieth anniversary via a digital convention, and the annual conferences of all seven subspecialty areas in the Korean Academy of Nursing have been nearly held in 2020. In Taiwan, the 2020 Taiwan worldwide nursing convention endorsed by International Council of Nurses was held in a hybrid format, which was efficiently accomplished with 2177 individuals in complete.

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the picture of nurses had been positively modified across the nations/areas, subsequently altering the picture of nursing research. For occasion, in Taiwan, the visibility of nursing had significantly elevated in the course of the pandemic via systematic efforts by the Taiwan Nurses Association. In South Korea, a male essential care nurse who majored in Fine Art disseminated his work illustrating nurses working with the COVID-19 sufferers via social media. His artworks have been positively spotlighted by Korean information and media, which subsequently improved the picture of nurses and elevated the attention of nurses’ values.

5 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE NURSING RESEARCH

On the premise of the commonalities in the impression of the COVID-19 pandemic on nursing research across the five nations/areas that have been mentioned above, recommendations for future nursing research in the course of the speedy postpandemic interval and throughout different sudden pandemic conditions are made as follows. Table 2 summarizes the recommendations with rationales. First, to successfully take care of the frequent impression mirrored in the theme of “heavy emphasis on teaching and decreased productivity,” all of the researchers/leaders echoed that the colleges and faculties of nursing want to offer vital administrative assist, human assets, and technological assist that match with their contexts. Some focused assist (e.g., pilot grants supporting nurses’ research on nursing subjects, akin to melancholy, isolation, and many others.) can be wanted. During the COVID-19 pandemic, most COVID pilot research aimed on the growth of vaccines and therapy methods. Subsequently, only a few nursing research have been funded, and only a few nurse scientists obtained funding. More research funding is required on nursing priorities (e.g., nurses’ psychological well being points in the course of the pandemic, security measures for nurses working with the COVID-19 constructive circumstances) across the nations/areas. Also, modified educating modes as a result of pandemic would require further research in the areas associated to the adjustments in research training, which might be important in the speedy postpandemic interval. These efforts might put together nursing researchers to adapt simply to the brand new adjustments in research environments and logistics and might promote nursing research in the areas of excessive nursing priorities.

Table 2.
Themes reflecting the commonalities and associated recommendations with the rationales
Commonalities Recommendations Rationales for recommendations
“A heavy emphasis on teaching & fluctuated productivity”
  • Need to offer vital administrative assist, human assets assist, and technological assist

  • Need to offer some focused assist (e.g., pilot grants supporting nurses’ research on nursing subjects, akin to melancholy, isolation, and many others.)

  • Needs to speculate extra on nursing priorities (e.g., nurses’ psychological well being points in the course of the pandemic, security measures for nurses working with the COVID-19 constructive circumstances)

“Increased funding opportunities and governmental support”
  • Need to offer a pool of funding for nurse researchers to conduct self-funded research associated to the pandemic conditions

  • Need to advocate for nursing research in interdisciplinary funding businesses, together with governmental businesses and hospital businesses

  • Need to mentor junior college members particularly in the competence of shifting their research focus to suit with accessible funding alternatives

  • Could assist nurse researchers who’re ceaselessly left behind as a consequence of low priorities given to nursing subjects by funding businesses

  • Could put together junior college members and researchers to efficiently get funded in altering funding environments

“Gendered experience complicated by professional differences”
  • Need to conduct extra research on variations in the impression of the COVID-19 by gender and occupation

  • Need to conduct extra research on the youngsters of nurses working with constructive circumstances (e.g., stigmatization)

“Delays and changes/modifications in research process”
  • Need to be open to new applied sciences and innovation for future usages throughout pandemic conditions

  • Need to develop new fashions of nursing and new units/devices for nursing care throughout pandemic conditions via steady research in the areas of nursing priorities by collaborating with multidisciplinary and worldwide groups

  • Need to mentor junior researchers with vital information and expertise to work with multidisciplinary groups in pandemic conditions

  • Need to begin research initiatives in the sector of infectious illnesses with subsequent vital adjustments in nursing training curriculum

  • Could put together nurse researchers to have experience and expertise in progressive approaches/strategies

  • Could put together nursing occupation and workforce to be geared up with competencies and efficiencies to take care of future pandemic conditions

  • Could put together nurse researchers to be geared up with research competencies to proceed research throughout future pandemic conditions

“Limited research settings & difficulties in getting access”
  • Need to versatile in deciding on research settings and knowledge assortment procedures

  • Need to analyze on research integrity of the brand new strategies of information assortment (e.g., potential choice bias, unauthentic circumstances, aged with difficulties in utilizing on-line applied sciences)

“Increased online dissemination activities with positive changes in the image of nursing”
  • Need to make steady research efforts via seminars, workshops, and conferences to enhance the visibility and picture of nursing throughout pandemic conditions

Second, because the theme of “increased funding opportunities and governmental support” indicated, there have been growing funding alternatives for research in common in the course of the pandemic. Yet, as talked about above, nursing research have been hardly funded by any such elevated funding alternatives. In future pandemic conditions, as nursing faculties in Hong Kong did, nursing faculties want to offer a pool of funding for nurse researchers to conduct self-funded research associated to the pandemic conditions. Also, nurse researchers/leaders must advocate for nursing research in interdisciplinary funding businesses, together with governmental businesses and hospital businesses, particularly in the course of the speedy postpandemic interval in order that nursing priorities wouldn’t be left behind in future sudden pandemic conditions. In addition, nurse researchers/leaders must be energetic in elevating the attention on research points associated to nursing care throughout pandemic conditions (e.g., psychological well being points, nurses’ burnout). Furthermore, mentoring junior college members particularly in the competence of shifting their research focus to suit with accessible funding alternatives can be important in the course of the speedy postpandemic interval in order that they could possibly be educated and ready for future conditions with altering research wants and priorities. These efforts might assist nurse researchers who’re ceaselessly left behind as a consequence of low priorities given to nursing subjects by funding businesses and might put together junior college members and researchers to efficiently get funded in altering funding environments.

Third, because the theme of “gendered experience complicated by professional differences” indicated, girls researchers tended to be affected harshly by the COVID-19 pandemic due to gender stereotypes and roles. Since nurse researchers usually tend to be girls, the impression of the COVID-19 on their productiveness can be better than different male-dominated professions, akin to medication. Furthermore, skilled variations embedded in the cultural contexts of particular person nations/areas would complicate the gendered expertise of nurse researchers. During the speedy postpandemic interval, nurse researchers/leaders want to boost the attention of gender variations and skilled variations in their very own cultural contexts. More research on variations and fairness by gender and occupation in the impression of the COVID-19 would improve the attention on the gendered expertise of nurse researchers that could possibly be difficult by skilled variations throughout pandemic conditions. Also, extra research on the youngsters of nurses working with COVID-19 sufferers throughout pandemic conditions must be carried out (e.g., stigmatization of kids in youngster-care). These efforts might present the information foundation to effectively and pretty assist nursing occupation and workforce throughout future sudden pandemic conditions.

Fourth, because the theme of “delays and changes/modifications in research process” indicated, nurse researchers ceaselessly skilled delays in research course of and wanted to make vital modifications in their examine designs, knowledge assortment mode, interventions, and knowledge evaluation course of due to new nationwide and institutional insurance policies associated to the COVID-19 pandemic (e.g., social distancing and no in-particular person contact). During the speedy postpandemic interval, nurse researchers/leaders must be open to new applied sciences and innovation and educated to be ready with experience and expertise in progressive approaches/strategies for future usages throughout sudden conditions. Also, nurse researchers/leaders must develop new fashions of nursing and new units for nursing care throughout pandemic conditions in order that nursing could possibly be ready for future sudden pandemic conditions. In addition, nurse researchers/leaders must collaborate with multidisciplinary groups to provoke the event of devices and instruments for nursing care throughout pandemic conditions via steady nursing research with nursing priorities. Also, nurse researchers/leaders must mentor junior researchers with vital information and expertise to work with multidisciplinary groups in pandemic conditions. For occasion, because the theme of “increased funding opportunities and governmental support” indicated, only a few nurse researchers may gain advantage from the growing funding alternatives due to lack of nurse researchers in the sector of infectious illnesses besides HIV. Thus, in the course of the speedy postpandemic interval, nurse researchers/leaders want to begin research initiatives in the sector of infectious illnesses with vital adjustments in nursing training curriculum. These efforts might put together nursing occupation and workforce and nurse researchers to be geared up with competencies and efficiencies to take care of future pandemic conditions.

Fifth, because the theme of “limited research settings and difficulties in getting access” indicated, nurse researchers had difficulties in recruiting research individuals and amassing knowledge as a consequence of limitations in research settings and difficulties in having access to the research settings. To be ready for future sudden pandemic conditions, nurse researchers must be educated to be versatile in deciding on research settings and knowledge assortment procedures. During the speedy postpandemic interval, nurse researchers must make additional investigations on research integrity of the brand new strategies of information assortment that have been adopted and used in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic (e.g., potential choice bias, unauthentic circumstances, aged with difficulties in utilizing on-line applied sciences). These efforts might put together nurse researchers to be geared up with research competencies to proceed research throughout future pandemic conditions.

Finally, because the theme of “increased online dissemination activities with positive changes in the image of nursing” indicated, the COVID-19 pandemic scenario really elevated the visibility of nursing through elevated on-line dissemination actions via digital conferences, workshops, and seminars and via constructive collective efforts to enhance the picture of nursing (e.g., artworks). During the speedy postpandemic interval, through the use of the momentum obtained from the elevated visibility and improved picture of nursing in common, nurse researchers/leaders must additional collaborate with a number of disciplines across the globe via seminars, workshops, and conferences to additional enhance the visibility and picture of nursing research. In future pandemic conditions, growing collaborative proposals across disciplines and nations/areas would facilitate nurse researchers’ worldwide and interdisciplinary collaborative efforts as properly.

All the dialogue factors which can be made in this paper must be fastidiously interpreted as a consequence of some limitations in the proof that was offered. First, the findings reported in this paper have been restricted solely to the five nations/areas. Furthermore, the findings could possibly be utilized solely to the particular time level and geographical nations/areas that this dialogue was carried out (e.g., restricted to the five nations/areas, restricted to the interval from January 2020 to December 2020). Although we tried to stability the particular examples from all of the nations/areas, there existed an imbalance in the particular examples due to researchers/leaders’ traits and distinctive conditions of particular person nations/areas. Finally, the literature opinions included in this paper tended to be selective as a result of: (a) we included solely the literature accessible in particular person nations/areas in English and different languages; (b) no constant strategy of literature searches was used across the nations/areas as a result of the databases in particular person nations/areas have been distinctive; and (c) particular person leaders/researchers deliberately chosen the literature to assist the dialogue factors made in this paper.

6 CONCLUSIONS

In this paper, commonalities in the impression of the COVID-19 pandemic on nursing research across five nations/areas have been mentioned, and a number of recommendations for future nursing research have been made. With the sudden COVID-19 pandemic, nurse researchers wanted to make adjustments in many areas of the research course of across the nations/areas, and the dialogue about these adjustments offered some instructions for future nursing research. With all of the collective knowledge that nurse researchers/leaders have obtained in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, nursing research will evolve once more for the profitable way forward for the nursing self-discipline.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This paper was written primarily based on the Emory University School of Nursing International Research Workshop that was held on November 30–December 2, 2020. The workshop was partnered by the Asian American Pacific Islander Nurses Association (AAPINA) and the National Coalition of Ethnic Minority Nurse Associations (NCEMNA).



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